Squeaky Wheel Award Recipients

1999 - Carol Kramer

(from AN Jan 2000)

Kramer is 1999 Squeaky Wheel

The Committee on the Status of Women in Anthropology has presented the Squeaky Wheel Award for 1999 to Carol Kramer (U of Arizona). The Squeaky Wheel Award is presented by COSWA to recognize individuals who have demonstrated the courage to bring to light and investigate practices in anthropology that are potentially discriminatory to women or have acted to improve the status of women in anthropology through activities that raise awareness of women's contribution to anthropology or identify barriers to full participation by women in anthropology. Over the past several years the award has recognized John Yeller and Louise Lamphere.

Carol Kramer is awarded the Squeaky Wheel award in recognition of her career long commitment to equity for women in anthropology. Carol Kramer has been a leader with a clear but quiet voice in issues involving gender equity within anthropology for more than 20 years. She was also a member of the Ruth Benedict Collective in the 1970s. In 1979, while teaching at Lehman College, CUNY, she was a part of a group that drew up a resolution calling on the AAA board to reverse their disavowal of the 1972 Resolution on Fair Practices in Employment of Women. The group, also including Roger Sanjek, Rayna Rapp, Carole Vance and Glenn Peterson, was able to enlist over 150 sponsors of the resolution was passed with an overwhelming voice vote in the AAA meeting of December 1980. This resolution was narrowly passed in a mail ballot. The resolution was responsible for immediately censoring five departments. Departments continue to be reviewed, with unfair practices still being noted in the AN.

In 1986-87, drawing on resources available in an NSF funded Visiting Professorship for Women at the U of Arizona, Kramer initiated and conducted the first survey of gender equity on women within archaeology, covering the period between 1976-86. Miriam Stark, then a student at the U of Arizona, worked as a research assistant in this project. The survey demonstrated that whereas the number of women was increasing in archaeology graduate programs and as tenured faculty members, there was a decline in the number of women at each subsequent career stage, with significant drops from graduate school admission to completing the doctoral degree, to being hired in tenurable positions and achieving tenure. The results of the survey were published in the December 1988 AN, (p.11-12). The effective methods taken in this study inspired a number of subsequent studies in other aspects of archaeology, at Arizona and elsewhere.

COSWA is delighted to be able to recognize the contributions of Carol Kramer with this award. Nominations for the Y2K Squeaky Wheel Award are now being accepted please see this month's Anthro Awards column in the Career Development sections for submission information.

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