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Meeting Call for Papers Announcement
Voices as Multimodal Constructions
Sponsor: Aslihan Akkaya
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Aslihan Akkaya
Ethnographic studies of voice from linguistic anthropologists demonstrate the fluidity of the concept and its usefulness as a unit of analysis (Hill 1985, 1986, Hill and Irvine 1993, Keane 2011, Mendoza-Denton 2011). Drawing from the Bakhtinian notion of heteroglossia, Hill (1985, 1986) gave attention to multiple and competing voices - and hence “the productivity of [the] clash of voices” as Keane (2011) calls it - instead of so-thought bounded ideolects, dialects, and languages in her analysis. In linguistic anthropological inquiry voice is seen as an act of stance-taking that is inherently evaluative (Chernela 2011, Hill 1985, 1986, Jaffe 2009, Keane 2000, 2011). Social actors through staging and playing with different voices crystallize the voices to mark their affiliation and so to construct/index social personae. However, as Jaffe (2009) pointed out, such a process never ends as social actors change their affiliations within and across discourses. Jaffe (2009:19-20) referred to this as “trajectories of stance-taking”. Voices to be perceived in discourse point to worldviews and the positioning of social actors within these worldviews. Analysis of voice thus benefits from analysis of indexicality, interdiscursivity, social typification, characterogical images, and hence, icons of personhood (Agha 2003, 2007, Silverstein 2003, Webster 2010). In everyday discourses we use several modalities and media to interact and index multiple personae within and across discourse. For instance, Kuipers (2004) presented discourse instances from Sumbanese rituals and U.S. clinical settings, demonstrating how voices are multimodal and collaborative constructions -social actors mediate and negotiate a rich variety of stimuli in discourse. We do not use only verbal communication to construct social personae, but also various other modaliti