AAA Annual Meeting Program

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Paper Information:
Type: Paper
Paper Title: TRIBUTE, LABOR DEBT, AND THE STATE IN THE ANCIENT ANDES: MATERIALIZING DEBT IN THE WARI EMPIRE
Author: PATRICK WILLIAMS (The Field Museum)   
Date/Time: Fri., 3:45 PM
Co-Author(s): PATRICK WILLIAMS (The Field Museum) 
Abstract: In the Ancient Andes, non-monetary economic systems created different forms of debt than we see in modern capitalist states. Labor obligations were a principal form of debt in both the informal economy between individuals (ayni), and in the formal economy where labor was owed to the state (m’ita). Labor debts were enforced not only through military threat, but through taking hostages of both nobles’ children and ritual objects (huacas) in the Inca state (c. 1500 AD). I examine the roots of debt obligations in the pre-Inca Andes through analysis of an extensive material assemblage from the earlier Wari state (600-1000 AD). The dataset comes from over a decade of excavations at the Wari frontier colony of Cerro Baul, and I analyze the material correlates of debt obligations from both the formal and informal economy on the border of the Andes’ earliest empire.

Program Number: 3-0830
Session Title: MATERIALIZING AND EMBODYING DEBT
Session Sponsor: Archaeology Division
Session Date/Time: Fri., 1:45 PM-5:30 PM
Organizer(s): CHARLES COBB, MARK HAUSER (Northwestern University) 
Chair(s): ANN STAHL (University of Victoria)  
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