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Paper Information:
Type: Paper
Paper Title: MULTIPLE APPROACHES: CHANGING IDENTITIES ON THE HUNGARIAN PLAIN DURING THE EARLY TO MIDDLE COPPER AGE
Author: IAN PAWN   
Date/Time: Sun., 11:15 AM
Co-Author(s): IAN PAWN 
Abstract: This paper presents a methodology for examining changing social relations using a combination of cultural, archaeological, and biological techniques. Archaeology has the unique ability to track changes over long periods of time, thus making it ideal for the measurement of fluctuations in social structure. Archaeological approaches are informed by cultural studies and are aided by biological data as well. The paper presents a methodology for fieldwork examining the Early to Middle Copper Age (4500-3500 BC) on the Hungarian Plain. This period was characterized by the appearance of disposal areas differentiated from settlements and increasing differentiation between individuals by both sex and age. Differences were marked primarily by body position and grave goods. These changes in burial treatment may indicate a shift in the relations between individuals and identity as mortuary ritual can often be an arena of negotiation. An explanation inspired by cultural anthropology is that individuals from a variety of settlements utilized cemeteries while individuals participated in trade networks differentially. A result would be conflicts of identity between varied communities and individuals that appear in burial treatment. Examination of archaeological materials, such as grave goods, reveals differentiations between both individuals and whole cemeteries. Further, biological techniques such as stable isotopes and biological distance can measure differences within and between cemeteries, and give researchers an idea about the nature of communities utilizing cemeteries. These archaeological and biological approaches should help build a bridge to cultural theories and show that cemeteries were a stage of identity conflict between communities.

Program Number: 5-0365
Session Title: SPEAKING THE SAME LANGUAGE: BRIDGING THE EVER-GROWING DISCIPLINARY DIVIDE BETWEEN CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY AND ARCHAEOLOGY
Session Sponsor: Archaeology Division
Session Date/Time: Sun., 10:15 AM-12:00 PM
Organizer(s): IVY HEPP (Florida State University) 
Chair(s): IVY HEPP (Florida State University)  
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