AAA Annual Meeting Program

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Paper Information:
Type: Paper
Paper Title: THE EUROPEAN INVASION AND THE TRANSFORMATION OF THE MISSISSIPPIAN WORLD
Author: ROBBIE ETHRIDGE (University of Mississippi)   
Date/Time: Thu., 8:45 AM
Co-Author(s): ROBBIE ETHRIDGE (University of Mississippi) 
Abstract: Scholars now understand that the late-sixteenth and seventeenth centuries were the time of a profound social transformation among the Native people of the present-day American South. This paper tracks the collapse of the pre-contact Mississippian world of the present-day southeastern United States and the restructuring of Native life that occurred after the European invasion. I use the concept of the "Mississippian shatter zone" to frame the early colonial disturbances across a broad region that included much of the Atlantic seaboard. The disturbances in the early South between 1540 and 1715 have not been difficult to identify. The archeological and documentary evidence attests to the disappearance of Native polities, movements of people into tightly compacted and heavily fortified towns, a dramatic loss of life, multiple migrations and splintering of groups, the coalescence of some groups, the disappearance of many, and an overall decline in artistic life. Through the use of documentary and archaeological evidence, this paper examines the disturbances to Native life that with the military losses from early Spanish explorations, the introduction of Old World pathogens and the subsequent serial disease episodes and loss of life, and especially the inauguration of a nascent capitalist economic system by Europeans through a commercial trade in Indian slaves and animal skins and the intensification and spread of violence and warfare through the Indian slave trade and especially through the emergence of militaristic Native slaving societies who sought a larger share of the European trade.

Program Number: 2-0060
Session Title: HISTORICAL ARCHAEOLOGY IN THE NEW WORLD: POWER, DIASPORA, ARCHITECTURE, AND CIRCULATION
Session Sponsor: Archaeology Division
Session Date/Time: Thu., 8:00 AM-9:45 AM
Organizer(s): ANNUAL MEETING PROGRAM COMMITTEE (AAA) 
Chair(s): ROBBIE ETHRIDGE (University of Mississippi)  
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