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This paper may be of particular interest to:  Students
Type: Paper
Paper Title: IDENTITY AND THE CIRCULATION OF CRAFTING TECHNIQUES AT COLONIAL CIUDAD VIEJA, EL SALVADOR
Author: JEB CARD   
Date/Time: Sat., 2:00 PM
Co-Author(s): JEB CARD 
Abstract: Ciudad Vieja, El Salvador was one of the early sites of intensive interaction between Europeans and Mesoamericans. Unlike many of the foundational cities of the Spanish Empire, this early-to-mid-sixteenth-century location for San Salvador was not constructed out of an existing indigenous settlement, but was built by Europeans and Mesoamericans from the ground up. On one hand, virtually all the architecture and urban planning, and a small amount of the portable material culture, established boundaries defined by European Renaissance culture. On the other hand, evidence of contradictory currents predicated on indigenous sociality includes both the documentary record of the participation of various Mesoamericans in this phase of the conquest of Central America, and the vast majority of the material culture. Pottery manufacture and distribution, key realms of material culture for constructing identity, indicate shifts in the architecture of incorporation and exclusion on a very fine scale, within the span of two generations of San Salvador residents. The new city created new connections among indigenous groups, particularly a greater circulation of ideas and techniques. Idiosyncratic or even individual crafting techniques practiced by small groups or individuals, possibly originating in different Pipíl communities, gave way to more homogenous techniques shared with neighbors. Highly localized and household ceramic production and distribution was supplanted by a new pan-community mode, potentially reflecting the shifts in the scope of incorporation through the social circulation of local Nahua Pipíl inhabitants and a multiethnic group of Mexican warriors and settlers within the framework of the Spanish colonial regime.

Program Number: 4-0775
Session Title: THE ARCHITECTURE OF IDENTITY
Session Sponsor: Archaeology Division
Session Date/Time: Sat., 1:45 PM-5:30 PM
Organizer(s): KATHRYN SAMPECK (Illinois State University) 
Chair(s): ELIZABETH SCOTT  
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