AAA Annual Meeting Program

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Paper Information:
Type: Paper
Paper Title: MOBILITY IN SEDENTARY VILLAGE SOCIETIES: LIBERATING INDIVIDUALS AND MAKING REGIONAL TRADITIONS
Author: AUBREY CANNON   
Date/Time: Thu., 10:45 AM
Co-Author(s): AUBREY CANNON 
Abstract: Sedentary village settlement, viewed as an essential precondition for the formation of complex social structures, is also reflexively linked to varying degrees with hyper-locality in everyday activity. Such local self-sufficiency potentially countervails extensive systems of symbolic expression and exchange, which are considered hallmarks of socially complex societies. Archaeological evidence from the Northwest Coast shows an early, stable pattern of sedentary settlement focused on immediately accessible subsistence and material resources, but enmeshed within networks of short-term camps and aggregate spring/summer villages. Ethnographic accounts suggest seasonal movement from villages to camps was socially liberating, especially for youth, and mobile interaction provided a basis for sustaining regional linguistic and social identities and for facilitating individual social mobility within and between settlements. Archaeological evidence for long-distance movement of raw materials and direct evidence of inter-regional individual travel, as in recovery of the remains of the traveler Kwaday Dän Ts’inchi, point to a further encompassing network of mobility involving smaller segments of local populations. Individual travels for adventure, material exchange, and the acquisition and transmission of stories provide a foundation for the early emergence and longstanding maintenance of recognizable cultural tradition. Similar mechanisms may apply in other regions, such as the Hopewellian Northeast, which also exhibit local self-sufficiency and extensive regional interaction. Mobility, as the expression of individual liberation and privilege, helps to resolve the paradoxes of local lives and sustained pan-regional traditions of style, action, and identity, and, in some form, can be viewed as an essential corollary of sedentary settlement.

Program Number: 2-0215
Session Title: MOVING BODIES, BEING SUBJECTS: ETHNOGRAPHIC, ARCHAEOLOGICAL AND HISTORICAL APPROACHES TO MOBILITY
Session Sponsor: Co-Sponsored by Archaeology Division and Archaeology Division
Session Date/Time: Thu., 8:00 AM-11:45 AM
Organizer(s): MAUREEN MARSHALL (University of Chicago), MICHELLE LELIEVRE (University of Chicago) 
Chair(s): MAUREEN MARSHALL (University of Chicago)  
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