AAA Annual Meeting Program

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Poster Information:
Type: Poster
Poster Title: RESILIENT RESETTLEMENT: WENDAT MIGRATION AND IDENTITY IN THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY
Author: MEGAN MCCULLEN (Alma College)   
Date/Time: Sat., 8:00 AM-9:45 AM
Co-Author(s): MEGAN MCCULLEN (Alma College) 
Abstract: This research uses archaeological and historical data to examine the impact that migration had on community identity among the Wendat communities that moved into the western Great Lakes during the second half of the Seventeenth Century. Research on contemporary displaced peoples has shown that migration and resettlement processes put severe stress on communities, which can lead to community identity transformation. One particularly unique case is that of a diaspora community, dispersed over several regions and maintaining a distinct emotional link to their homeland. I have developed an archaeological model for recognizing diaspora communities and distinguishing them from other forced migrant groups. This model is rooted in theories of migration, ethnicity and identity, and uses Rockman’s (2003) model of colonization barriers as a basis for its creation. I have tested this model with data from migration of the Tionontate and Huron (Wendat) communities who collectively resettled from Southern Ontario into the Western Great Lakes during the Seventeenth Century. Data from multiple archaeological sites in the homeland and in the western Great Lakes were analyzed to evaluate shifts in landscape knowledge, social networks and symbolic representation of identity. This material data was combined with historical documentation. This research shows that during later periods of resettlement – when the community was more stable and permanently resettled, a strong and distinctly Wendat identity was established, suggesting that security, stability and accumulated local knowledge had a strong influence on the assertion of difference from neighboring communities.

Program Number: 4-0040
Session Title: APPROACHES TO NORTH AMERICAN ARCHAEOLOGY
Session Sponsor: Archaeology Division
Session Date/Time: Sat., 8:00 AM-9:45 AM
Organizer(s): ANNUAL MEETING PROGRAM COMMITTEE (AAA) 
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